Niantic Lightship Summit 2022 Recap

Niantic Lightship Summit

Niantic held its first developer conference, the Lightship Summit, on May 24-25 2022, in San Francisco.

The company primarily focused on presenting their new developer product Lightship VPS and a new Niantic Wayfarer app that developers can use to create private scans as well as submit public scans of existing Niantic Wayspots.

Niantic Lightship VPS

Niantic Lightship VPS
Niantic Lightship VPS

Niantic’s Lightship VPS stands for Visual Positioning System, and it allows developers to accurately determine player position and orientation, going far beyond the usual constrains of GPS and similar geo-positioning systems.

Lightship VPS allows developers to know where their users are standing, what they are looking and how is their device oriented towards a specific AR object. It’s essential infrastructure to building convincing AR, as the model doesn’t face the user at all times.

Lightship VPS works by combining two strong mechanisms to achieve this:

  • Niantic’s in-house algorithms for determining the device’s orientation and
  • A comprehensive AR map of the world, created by scanning IRL objects with a smartphone camera and later processed by computer vision

These scans are collected from developers, Niantic’s first party surveyors and players – mostly Pokémon GO and Ingress players. Players submit short video recordings of real-world locations for in-game rewards. Niantic then uses machine learning to generate 3D scans, and tries to create a 3D model of the real-world location.

Once there are enough scans, Niantic activates the location on Lightship VPS, and developers can use this data to figure out where their users are, in which direction they are facing and how far or how near to an AR object they actually are.

The company also shared a video that shows how the scanning actually works, and how the 3D mesh is created on top of the video recordings:

Niantic says that they are building a new map of the world, one aimed at usage in 3D and AR applications, and judging by the company’s official commentary they are heavily invested in this effort:

Building this new map of the world is one of the grand challenges of AR, but we’re not doing it alone – Niantic’s AR map is powered by scans of real-world locations from developers, surveyors, and players. For years, Niantic has invited dedicated players to join us in our pursuit of building an AR map of the world. Our community has contributed millions of locations, photos, and scans, essential data that make it possible to serve localization with Lightship VPS.


VPS-activated locations are much more than single points on a map. They are comprised of multiple scans, creating localizable spaces that are roughly 10 meters in diameter.

The accuracy of Lightship VPS is such that a device can be localized to within centimeters of its true location, enabling the persistence of intricately crafted, real-world AR experiences.

Both the size and the quantity of these VPS-activated locations will increase over time; Lightship VPS will be available in over 100 global cities by the end of 2022.

Lightship VPS is available at over 30,000 locations globally today, with especially dense coverage in six cities: San Francisco, Los Angeles, Seattle, New York, London, and Tokyo.

The new Niantic Wayfarer app

Niantic logo artwork

Alongside the Lightship VPS, Niantic has also introduced a new, dedicated, Niantic Wayfarer app.

Lightship VPS uses VPS-activated Wayspots, which are noteworthy, publicly-accessible locations in the world that you can localize with using VPS. Niantic provides the Niantic Wayfarer app for creating scans for Wayspots.

Before you start using the Niantic Wayfarer app to scan objects or locations, make sure you understand the concepts behind Wayspots and Lightship VPS. In particular, you’ll need to understand concepts like VPS-activated Wayspots and Private VPS Locations.

You can learn more about Niantic Wayfarer here.